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What is the vaccine protocol for dogs?

Q:

Can you please tell me which vaccinations a dog needs throughout his lifetime? Which vaccinations are mandatory and which are optional?

A:

The core vaccine protocol for dogs includes the Distemper combination vaccine (Distemper, Adenovirus Type-2, Parvovirus, Parainfluenza), Bordetella (kennel cough), and Rabies. As a puppy, the distemper combination shot is given in a series every 3-4 weeks until 4 months of age. Then this shot is boostered yearly thereafter. Bordetella is given at 8-12 weeks of age and boostered every 6 months to 1 year based on the pet’s exposure risk. Rabies is given at 4 months of age, boostered 1 year later and then boostered every 3 years thereafter.

There are some optional vaccines that should also be considered. Leptospirosis is a bacterial organism transmitted through urine and standing water. It is endemic in this region of the country, and therefore, it is recommended that all dogs be vaccinated. We routinely vaccinate all puppies at North Shore Animal League America for Leptospirosis. Two shots are given during the puppy series and then it is boostered annually thereafter. Canine Influenza and Borrelia Burgdorferi (Lyme disease) vaccines are offered and evaluated on a case-by-case basis.


Submitted by Anonymous
Answered by Mark Verdino

 

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